A traumatic brain injury (TBI) can be a mild concussion or a life-threatening head injury. The brain is protected by fluid and the skull, but it can be damaged with a strong enough force that breaks through the skull. This may come from a gunshot, a fall where the person hits their head on a very hard surface, a car accident or other violent event. If the brain is jarred or shaken it can also be injured with bruising, swelling or tearing of brain tissue.
Occipital Lobe Injuries
Some TBI is obvious, and the person should be taken to an emergency room as quickly as possible. Other injuries don’t show up until later, sometimes hours, days, weeks or months later. Some of the symptoms that may develop over time are:
• Loss of short-term memory
• Lack of rational thinking
• Blurry vision
• Quick anger
• Change in sleep pattern
Prevention Is the Best Medicine for Occipital Lobe Injuries
The bet says to avoid the unfortunate occurrence of TBI is prevention. This means to always take safety precautions such as:
• Put children in safety seats in the car
• Always wear a seat belt in the car
• Always wear a helmet when biking, motorcycling or on another vehicle such as a sled or scooter
• Check for tripping hazards around the house
• Install non-slip shower mats and bathroom rugs
• Have hand railings on all staircases
• Have the home well-lighted
These preventative measures may seem obvious, but when they are not followed TBI is possible. Once the brain is damaged, there is no cure. Patients can undergo treatment and rehabilitation to enable them to strengthen the skills they still have with the hope of compensating for the ones the lost, so they can have as normal a lifestyle as is possible.
What Is the Treatment for Occipital Lobe injuries?
The first step is to find out the location and extent of the damage. This will include several tests such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), x-rays, computer tomography (CT) scans and other specialized tests.
A group of specialists will be needed to treat TBI. There in not one treatment because there are many possible results of the brain trauma. The family of the injured person is also counseled to help in the recovery process. There is no right or wrong treatment. Since each patient’s brain is unique and may require several treatments, including counseling and medication, many different approaches will be taken to determine the way the individual will best recover. The treatment may include:
• Physical therapy to regain the ability to do daily activities and be as independent as possible. The patient’s strength, balance, movement, and coordination will be assessed
• Speech therapy that teaches the patient to listen understands and talk as well as how to develop problem-solving methods
• Counseling will help the patient understand their condition and feel more in control of their life
• Support groups where the patient can interact with people who are undergoing the same treatments
• Medication may help with sleep problems, chronic pain, anxiety, headaches, and depression
The occipital lobe is located in the back of the brain and handles visual functions. If this area is damaged, the treatment will be designed to help the patient understand and deal with their perceptual limitations. A successful treatment plan must include communication and consistency across the several disciplines involved in the treatment.
In the beginning, it may seem to the patient and his or her family that the work involved for rehabilitation is overwhelming. However, with the expertise of each member of the team, the patient can recover beyond their expectations.