The human body is one of the most complex multi-organism mysteries of the universe. It is immensely durable, yet highly vulnerable, all at once. Of the multiplicity of complex organs and tissues that make up the human body, the brain is, by far, the most complex. The skull and brain serve to protect the brain from external damage. However, even with the remarkable durability of the brain and the exceptional protection afforded to the brain, there are still instances in which the brain can sustain serious injury.
With all of the advances provided by modern technology, science is finally beginning to scratch the surface of gaining a functional perspicacity of the multitudinous parts of the brain. Through this increased understanding of how the brain functions, medical professionals are becoming increasingly capable of assessing traumatic brain injuries and determining how they will impact patients in the long term and the interim.
Parietal Brain Injury
There are many different types of brain injuries that can occur in different parts of the brain. One common type of brain injury is a trauma to the parietal lobe. The parietal lobe is of the four major lobes of the brain, which comprise the cerebellum — the control center of the brain. The parietal lobe is located at the back of the head, and it is positioned directly underneath the skull. It is the proximity of the parietal lobe to the surface of the brain that makes it susceptible to certain types of trauma.
The primary function of the parietal lobe is to assist the brain is the task of processing visual imagery as well as extrasensory perceptions. For instance, when you touch a hot iron, it is the parietal lobe that sends the nerve signals that inform you that the iron is hot. Additionally, it sends an urgent message to the appropriate muscles that cause the reflexive response of removing your hand from the iron. All of this is done within a matter of milliseconds.
Injury to the parietal lobe will result in the loss of certain cognitive skills, such as reading, the ability to recognize objects and people. It will also negatively impact the comprehensive awareness the patient has of their body and positioning in space and time. A person who has suffered an injury to the parietal lobe will lose the capacity to perform multiple tasks simultaneously as well as the ability to distinguish right from left.
Common Cause of Parietal Lobe Injury
As with other forms of brain injuries, parietal lobe injuries are most often the result of some type of trauma. The most common causes of these types of trauma are automobile accidents, falls, violent assault involving blunt-force trauma, and gunshot wounds. Violent collisions in contact sports can also result in trauma to the parietal lobe.
Because of the complexity of the brain and the fact that many injuries have symptoms that mimic other injuries, the diagnostic process has to be quite thorough. In the case of any form of brain injury, the patient will probably be examined by several specialists who will be working together to properly diagnose the injury as expeditiously as possible. They will also be responsible for working with the patient to guide them through the recovery process.
Early in the diagnostic process, the patient will undergo some different scans to check and monitor brain activity, responsiveness, swelling and more. Subsequently, there will also be some cognitive and sensory test to monitor capacity and progression.
When a patient has suffered a parietal lobe injury, the process immediately begins to promote healing and complete recovery.