Issues with blood circulation can reveal or lead to over 1,500 diseases or medical conditions. This plethora of diseases and medical conditions accentuates the importance of arteriography. Arteriography is the testing of blood flow and the arteries.
Physicians and doctors can determine how well the blood is flowing as well as the condition of a person’s arteries through arteriography. Doctors and physicians can detect, diagnose, and determine treatment plans via arteriography if there are any conditions or malfunctions in the blood flow or arteries of individuals.
The General Procedure of Arteriography
Arteriography typically involves the injection of the dye that contrasts under x-ray. The doctor or physician will inject a specialized dye into the area being examined and its relevant circulatory system. The physician or doctor may take some x-ray pictures so that he can determine, if any, issues that are present. There are many different arteriography methods that can be performed, and it depends on the region of the body examined, the technology used, and the hospital or healthcare facility.
Categories of Arteriography and Angiography
There is a variety of arteriography methods. For example, renal arteriography examines the kidneys, while coronary angiography examines the heart and the surrounding areas. Pulmonary angiography allows physicians and doctors to examine the lungs, and cerebral arteriography surveys brain areas. Examining the aorta, the primary artery in the body, is called aortic arteriography. Fluorescein angiography scans the retinas of the eyes.
There are many conditions that can be discovered through results derived from angiography/arteriography. These conditions include but are not limited to cancer, strokes, blood clots, aneurysms, potential heart attacks, block arteries, brain tumors, macular degeneration, atherosclerosis, or pigments.
The Arteriography Procedure
Typically, a physician or doctor will perform arteriography or angiography in a clinic, hospital, or healthcare facility. The procedure can be performed inpatient or outpatient; it depends on the circumstances of the patient and priorities. Most of the time, the procedure is done on outpatients. Commonly, anesthetics are used around the affected area, and there are four main steps in executing an arteriography/angiography.
The groin or the arm is typically the chosen site for creating a point for puncture in a large artery. The physician or doctor will insert an appropriate catheter at the leak point and guide it through the body until it reaches the area being examined for blood flow problems. The catheter is then used to push the specialized dye that contrasts via x-ray. The physician or doctor will take the required number of x-ray images at extremely high speeds so that the flow of blood in the arteries, as well as the arteries, can be examined thoroughly.
In most cases, a health care professional can complete the arteriography process in around an hour. Patients should prepare and account for the time necessary for the preparation, procedure, and the recovery.
Risks Associated with the Procedure
While angiography/arteriography are considered low-risk, there are some risks imposed that potential patients should keep in mind. The main risk is trauma to the arteries. Some individuals may have allergic reactions to the contrast dye. Low blood pressure or hemorrhage can occur, and in rare cases, strokes, heart attacks, and death.