Medical Malpractice is a personal injury case brought against doctors, nurses, and other medical professionals, including hospitals, claiming their negligence lead to a patient’s injury or death. Most medical malpractice cases are classified under four main categories of physician negligence. These groups include misdiagnosis, negligence affecting pregnancy and childbirth, mistakes in prescribing or administering medication, and surgical errors.
A misdiagnosis is a physician error, in which the doctor treats a patient for the wrong disease or condition, which causes life-threatening or fatal conditions in a patient. The most commonly misdiagnosed diseases or conditions are infections, tumors, or masses inside the body, heart attack, blood clot in the lung, and heart disease.
Negligence Affecting Pregnancy and Childbirth
Obstetric or Gynecological negligence, known as negligence affecting pregnancy or childbirth, is medical negligence of a physician is a medical problem that occurs affecting the mother and child during pregnancy and delivery, while under that physician’s care.
The leading types of medical problems categorized under medical malpractice during pregnancy and childbirth include:
- Excessive and unexplained vaginal bleeding
- Mother’s gestational diabetes
- Placental abnormalities, such as placenta previa or placental abruption
- Excessively long labor that causes injury to the mother and the baby
- Surgical negligence during a caesarean section
- Hemorrhage of the mother during pregnancy or labor
- Negligence in administering anesthesia during labor or a Caesarian section
- Premature babies
- Shoulder dystocia or another nerve injury of the baby during labor
It is important to consider that many problems can occur during pregnancy and labor and that pregnancy and delivery may not go as planned. This does not necessarily mean the obstetrician has committed malpractice. Like most personal injury cases, medical malpractice is based on negligence. The patient must be able to prove that the physician did not act reasonably or with the skill and care that a qualified doctor would have demonstrated under similar circumstance.
Mistakes in Prescribing or Administering Prescription Drugs
Medical Malpractice in regards to medication errors is very common. Medication errors can occur when a physician administers a patient the wrong medication or administers too much or too little medication. Medication errors can also be caused by physicians prescribing the wrong medication or wrong amount, the nurse or physician’s assistant administering the wrong medication or incorrect amount, and the pharmacy giving out the incorrect medication.
Mistakes made by the surgeon or anesthesiologist during the surgery are known as surgical errors. The most common surgical errors include damaging a nerve, failing to control bleeding, and leaving a foreign object, such as a medical sponge, inside the patient. Appallingly, surgeons have also performed the wrong operation on the wrong body part, or occasionally the wrong patient. Typically, surgical errors occur in the gastrointestinal tract and the spine.
Anesthesia negligence relates the-the physician is giving a patient too much anesthesia, too little anesthesia, or the incorrect type of anesthesia. Administering the incorrect type of anesthesia can be particularly dangerous because patients may have allergies to certain anesthesia. Anesthesia Negligence can also refer to the patient’s care during the surgery. During certain types of surgery, patients may need to be periodically moved. To avoid putting too much pressure on specific parts of the body, the anesthesiologist is responsible for moving the patient. A well-known problem caused by long back surgery is blindness. Blindness may occur during this surgery if a patient is on his or her stomach during the surgery. Being in this position, if a patient is not moved periodically, the patient’s long stay in the prone position can injure the optic nerve, causing blindness in the patient.